Estimated read time: 4 min read

One Sentence Summary

A conformist real estate agent in the 1920s Midwest struggles with the emptiness of his materialistic life.


"Babbitt" is a novel written by Sinclair Lewis, first published in 1922. The book is a satirical critique of middle-class American society and the conformity and materialism that dominated the 1920s. The story follows the life of George F. Babbitt, a real estate agent living in the fictional city of Zenith, and his internal struggle to break free from the constraints of his conservative lifestyle.

Brief Synopsis

Plot Overview

The novel is set in the 1920s in the city of Zenith, a bustling and rapidly growing urban center. George F. Babbitt is a successful middle-aged real estate agent who lives a typical, conformist life. He is a member of various clubs and organizations, adheres to societal norms, and is driven by materialistic pursuits. However, as the story progresses, Babbitt begins to question the meaning of his life and his role in society.


The city of Zenith is a vibrant and bustling urban environment, characterized by its materialism, consumerism, and emphasis on social status. The city serves as a microcosm of American society in the 1920s, reflecting the societal values and norms of the time.

Main Events

1Babbitt's discontent with his life grows as he reflects on his middle-class existence.
5Babbitt becomes involved in a romantic affair, leading to inner turmoil and conflict.
10Babbitt's business dealings become fraught with ethical dilemmas, challenging his values.
15Babbitt's son, Ted, rebels against his father's expectations, causing tension within the family.
20Babbitt experiences a personal awakening, leading to a profound shift in his perspective.

Main Characters

George F. Babbitt

Babbitt is the protagonist of the novel, a middle-aged real estate agent who embodies the conventional values of his society. He struggles with conformity and materialism, seeking a deeper meaning in his life.

Myra Babbitt

Myra is Babbitt's wife, portrayed as a typical middle-class housewife who is preoccupied with social status and material possessions.

Paul Riesling

Paul is Babbitt's close friend, who serves as a contrast to Babbitt's conformity. He faces his own personal struggles and becomes a source of inspiration for Babbitt.

Themes and Insights

Conformity and Materialism

The novel explores the suffocating impact of conformity and materialism on individuals, highlighting the pressure to adhere to societal norms and the pursuit of wealth and status.

Hypocrisy and Ethics

Babbitt grapples with the moral implications of his actions, shedding light on the hypocrisy and ethical dilemmas prevalent in his social circle and business dealings.

Individuality and Self-Discovery

Through Babbitt's journey, the novel delves into the quest for individuality and self-discovery, as he seeks to break free from the constraints of his conventional life and find personal fulfillment.

Reader's Takeaway

"Babbitt" offers readers a thought-provoking exploration of the societal pressures and personal struggles faced by individuals in a rapidly changing world. The novel challenges readers to reflect on their own values and choices, prompting a deeper consideration of conformity, materialism, and the pursuit of personal fulfillment.


Sinclair Lewis' "Babbitt" presents a compelling critique of American middle-class society in the 1920s, as seen through the eyes of the protagonist, George F. Babbitt. The novel's exploration of conformity, materialism, and self-discovery resonates with readers, offering valuable insights into the complexities of the human experience. As Babbitt navigates the challenges of his own life, readers are invited to contemplate their own values and aspirations, making "Babbitt" a timeless and relevant literary work.

Babbitt FAQ

  1. What is 'Babbitt' about?

    Babbitt is a novel by Sinclair Lewis that satirizes the American middle-class lifestyle and its conformity. The story follows George F. Babbitt, a real estate agent, as he navigates the pressures of his career, family, and society.

  2. When was 'Babbitt' first published?

    Babbitt was first published in 1922.

  3. Who is the author of 'Babbitt'?

    The author of 'Babbitt' is Sinclair Lewis, an American novelist and playwright known for his critical views on American society.

  4. What are some themes in 'Babbitt'?

    Themes in 'Babbitt' include conformity, materialism, the American Dream, and the struggle for individuality in a conformist society.

  5. Is 'Babbitt' considered a classic novel?

    Yes, 'Babbitt' is considered a classic American novel and is often studied for its social commentary and satirical portrayal of the American middle class.